Technology keeps improving itself day by day in the modern world. The more it improves, the more concepts we hear and try to adapt to. One of these concepts that came up with new technology is artificial intelligence. In the clearest way possible, artificial intelligence is a system that can imitate human-intelligence and improve itself. Autonomous vehicles, autonomous message systems or any system that works well without people included. Most of the people know this aspect of artificial intelligence, however what really is an artificial intelligence? This text will be a clarification for AI (abb. for Artificial Intelligence)
Can machines do think ?
First of all, let us take a look at history of AI. Mastermind of AI is Alan Mathinson Turing who asked the sensational question that “Can machines do think?”. After this question, in world war II, the machines that is made to decrypt the messages enabled scientists to move this debate to another level. It took nearly 10 years for humanity to call it “artificial intelligence”. In late 1950’s, John McCarty and Marvin Minsky founded the first AI laboratory. Which implies that, artificial intelligence has been known about 60 years. From 1960 to 2003, researches got faster and faster. DARPA, a state institute which operates under U.S.A, completed street maps thanks to AI. At that time there were no such things as Alexa, Siri or Cortana.
Types of articial intelligence
Secondly, we will talk about the kinds of artificial intelligence. You may say “Does it have different kinds too?”. The answer is simply “yes”. There are 4 different types of artificial intelligence; Reactive machines, Limited Memory, Theory of Mind and Self-Awareness. Reactive machines are the most common ones. They are purely reactive moreover, they have the ability to create memories and use past experiences to make a decision. IBM’s chess playing supercomputer (Deep Blue) is a great example for this kind of artificial intelligence. This kind of computer or artificial intelligence in other saying, can predict next moves due to its ability to memorize and make its moves by eliminating weak options.
Second type is limited memory which can look at the past. Self-driving (autonomous) cars can already do that. For instance, they have the ability of determining speed of other objects around itself. Some observations are added to them. Such as; traffic lights, police officers or white lines on the road. The third one is theory of mind which is considerably different than the machines we have. As a difference these machines can also sense agents and entities. This concept is called “Theory of Mind” in psychology. In this type it is the case that machines can sense that people have thoughts and feeling. The last type is self-awareness. They are aware of their existence. Moreover, they can analyze the current situation and also consider the feelings and thoughts of its interlocutor. Thirdly and Finally,
Consequently, we can say that AI is one of the modern technologies. AI can replace people, machines, facilities and much more. It is safe to say that AI will be all over us in next decades.
In the next post we will go deep and talk about each type of AI. See you there.
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